Luke 9:51 is a very important demarcation point in the gospel of Luke. It almost seems as though it should be the start of a new chapter. It is from this point that Jesus begins his final journey to Jerusalem. Luke 9:51 to the triumphal entry in the middle of Luke 19, 10 full chapters, takes place over 4-5 days, certainly no more than a week, then what follows is Jesus passion week and the resurrection. So From Luke 9:51 to Jesus resurrection is no more than a two week period.
“Now it came to pass, when the time had come for Him to be received up, that He steadfastly set His face to go to Jerusalem,
To be received up, most translations now say to be taken up, is kind of a double entendre. It is referring to his death, being lifted up on the cross, but also refers to his resurrection. He steadfastly set His face to go to Jerusalem….why does it tell us this? Think about it. He was determined, absolutely determined. This took great courage. How much courage?? He knew what would happen. He knew he would be killed. Jesus knew he’d be put to death. He could have avoided this by fleeing, or so many other ways. But he doesn’t. He had, indeed, steadfastly set His face to go to Jerusalem.
How did Jesus know this, that he would be killed when he went to Jerusalem for the Passover festival? It was not necessarily divine revelation, a word from the Father. It may have been, but not necessarily. Jesus understood that Jerusalem was the center of the principalities and powers. If he goes to the center of that power structure, where Caiaphas, Pontius Pilate, and King Herod hold their power, and proclaims the alternative of the kingdom of God, he will be killed. But he also knows it’s the will of the Father for him to be faithful in proclaiming the kingdom of God even if it leads to his death. By the way, it is in his death that he reveals God’s love and overthrows those same principalities and powers.
What happens at the start of his final journey to Jerusalem is shocking, if we will allow it to shock us. He finds within his own disciples a remnant of that same spirit that will kill him in Jerusalem. In the powers of Jerusalem, within Caiaphas, Pilate, and Herod, the religious powers, government powers, and economic powers, there is a spirit present. It will cause them to kill Jesus. It is the spirit of Satan. The Unholy Spirit. The spirit of accusation, of hate. The Spirit of Us vs Them. It is this same spirit he finds within his own disciples.
Let’s back up just a bit. They are in Galilee. Jesus is praying, he’s always praying, Luke brings this out especially. “Now it happened that as he was praying alone, the disciples were with him. And he asked them, “Who do the crowds say that I am?” And they answered, “John the Baptist. But others say, Elijah, and others, that one of the prophets of old has risen.” Then he said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” And Peter answered, “The Christ of God.”” Luke 9:18-20 ESV Who do the crowds say I am? Maybe John the Baptist, maybe Elijah. Remember, the guy who launched this movement (John the Baptist) is already dead, it’s a dangerous thing they are involved in.
Jesus responds to Peter affirming him as the Messiah, “And he strictly charged and commanded them to tell this to no one, saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.”” Luke 9:21-22 ESV
This is the first time (at least in Luke) that Jesus has told his disciples that he would be rejected and killed in Jerusalem. They couldn’t understand this. They just couldn’t get their minds around this. It’s what we call cognitive dissonance. They had a picture of messiah, an expectation of what was coming, and nowhere in that picture does Messiah get crucified. Crucifixion would be massive failure. A crucified Messiah is a failed Messiah. Jesus told them plainly what would happen. The language is not complicated. But as plainly as he tells them, it just does not set in with them.
Move forward a few verses. “And all were astonished at the majesty of God. But while they were all marveling at everything he was doing, Jesus said to his disciples, “Let these words sink into your ears: The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men.” But they did not understand this saying, and it was concealed from them, so that they might not perceive it. And they were afraid to ask him about this saying.” Luke 9:43-45 ESV. Jesus breaks it down, again, that this journey to Jerusalem will not finish as his disciples expected….
And they were afraid to ask him about this saying. Well, they were afraid to ask him any more about it. Maybe they did understand, and just preferred their own picture and expectation over the realities Jesus was explaining to them…
“An argument arose among them as to which of them was the greatest.” Luke 9:46 ESV. The twelve disciples have signed up with Jesus. They are learning his way, but the expectation remains the same. The goal is for Jesus to become king. When Jesus becomes king they will be right there with him. So they are jockeying for position in the future government of Jesus. They are arguing about cabinet positions, who will be the Secretary of State, who will be the Secretary of Defense. They don’t do this in front of Jesus, but Jesus is aware of what’s happening.
“But Jesus, knowing the reasoning of their hearts, took a child and put him by his side and said to them, “Whoever receives this child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me receives him who sent me. For he who is least among you all is the one who is great.”” Luke 9:47-48 ESV. Jesus flips the script on his disciples, turns things upside down. Jesus is always turning things upside down, isn’t he? This child is the least of all, but Jesus tells his disciples that in receiving this child, they will receive him. And the one who sent him, because that’s what God is like. Don’t forget who Jesus identifies with in Matthew 25 – “For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in prison and you came to me.’” Matthew 25:35-36 ESV. These disciples are arguing over who is the greatest, who deserves the greatest power at the right hand of the one they expect to emerge victorious in Jerusalem. They don’t yet really understand the Kingdom of God Jesus is enacting. Jesus grabs a young child, and sets the child down among them. Most of our translations identify this child as “him”, but the Greek actually says Jesus took a child and put IT by his side and said to them. So we don’t actually know if this child is a boy or a girl. Let’s says today that this is a little six year old girl Jesus sets among them. Jesus says to them, You guys are all wondering who’s going to be my Secretary of State in the Kingdom, I might just make this little girl Secretary of State.
As we see in Matthew 25, Jesus identifies not only with the little children, but the poor, the hungry, the thirsty, the stranger, and the imprisoned among us. Jesus identifies with everyone, but especially the least. When you allow someone into your life, maybe someone beneath you, maybe someone from the lower economic classes, maybe someone who doesn’t speak your language so well, maybe someone whose got a history we don’t like to talk about, when you allow someone into your life and don’t overlook them, Jesus says when you receive them you receive me, and you also receive my Father, because this is what God is like.
Jesus is breaking down all the ways we compare and compete. We have our systems of comparing and competing with one another, our system of winners and losers. Jesus is trying to subvert all of that. We still completely believe in our system of winners and losers. We have our place for Jesus in our life, our little shoebox we like to keep him in. But the more we actually read the Gospels, the more we immerse ourselves in the story being told, the less he seems to fit into that shoebox.
Yet, we will continue to keep Jesus locked away in that shoebox. Because while we believe in Jesus, we believe in our system of winners and losers more. We believe we need more, we know we want more, and to take Jesus out of that shoebox might get in the way of what we want. Because we believe all these things that we want. If we could just get them, might, finally, make us happy.
So we will continue in our own systems. Jesus comes to us. He comes to us in ways and through people which we simply do not see. “He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him.” John 1:10-11 ESV. If you met Jesus yesterday, did you know it? If you meet Jesus today, will you receive Him? If he comes to you tomorrow, will you walk right past him? Will you even look Him in the eyes and acknowledge that he’s there? ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.’ Matthew 25:45 ESV
Funny thing. I never did get to the point I thought I was getting to today. We will have to look at the spirit of Satan within Jesus own disciples tomorrow I suppose…