In celebrating Jesus as a warrior king who would lead Israel into battle against their enemies, the Palm Sunday crowd got Jesus wrong. That’s why he’s riding the foal of a donkey. It’s a triumphal entry, he’s supposed to be riding a war horse, but he won’t do it. Here’s the ancient prophecy – “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; righteous and having salvation is he, humble and mounted on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim and the war horse from Jerusalem; and the battle bow shall be cut off, and he shall speak peace to the nations; his rule shall be from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth.” Zechariah 9:9-10 ESV. He’s a good king who makes all things right, a humble king riding a donkey, a ‘72 Pinto. Because God says I’ve had it with war, no more chariots, no more tanks, in Ephraim, no more war horses in Jerusalem, no more swords and spears and bows and arrows. He, this king, this messiah, this prince of peace, will offer peace to the nations, but will the nations accept it? A peaceful rule worldwide, from the four winds to the seven seas.
The prince of peace has come. But, does Jerusalem want a prince of peace? They do not. They want a warrior king. Jerusalem turned the triumphal entry into triumphalism, that arrogant, boastful, attitude that says we’re number one!! Triumphalism is a boastful arrogance, a crystallization of us vs them. When you receive Jesus not simply saying He is Lord, but he is Lord for US and against them, that’s triumphalism. When the triumphal entry turned into triumphalism, Jesus wept over Jerusalem.
In the triumphalism of Palm Sunday, Jesus knew Jerusalem had rejected peace, and rejected the Prince of Peace. Jerusalem didn’t want Zachariah’s peaceful king, they wanted a Jewish warlord. 40 years later they got what they wanted, and there was hell to pay. Beginning in the year 66, a generation after the crucifixion, death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ, false messiahs came, just as Jesus had predicted. He said within a generation this will happen, there will be signs, one of the signs will be that there will be many false messiahs. “And he said, “See that you are not led astray. For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he!’ and, ‘The time is at hand!’ Do not go after them.” Luke 21:8 ESV. Many rose up and said We are the true king, true anointed one, we’re the true messiah, we will deliver israel from their Roman oppressors.
The revolution really began. Their bunker Hill was Caesarea in AD 66. And the Romans had had it. They sent the 10th Roman legion and marched on Jerusalem in AD 70. Their standards were held high, their banners flying in the wind, their eagles perched atop their standards. Jesus had prophecied Where the carcass is, there the eagles will gather…Jerusalem had become a bloated carcass of arrogance, pride, and triumphalism, and they had rejected Messiah. And the Roman 10th legion came marching, Jesus had predicted these evens, all in Luke 21. “”But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who are inside the city depart, and let not those who are out in the country enter it, for these are days of vengeance, to fulfill all that is written. Alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! For there will be great distress upon the earth and wrath against this people. They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” Luke 21:20-24 ESV.
Jesus warned them to flee, to get out of the city. But they didn’t listen. Instead, just the opposite happened. People rushed into the city. They thought we are the people of God, we will go to the holy city, God will fight for us!! But God had already said in the ancient prophecy I’m done with war. More than a million people packed into the city. The Romans set siege and for seven months they waited them out. Starvation broke out, disease, fighting among the Jews within the city. Cannibalization, plague, disease came. People began to try to escape, but the Romans said Too late! Everyone that tried to escape was crucified until the city was encircled by thousands of rotting corpses upon crosses. In August, the offensive came. They broke down the city walls, some say 600,000, Josephus says over a million Jews were killed. The rest, 100,000 or so, the survivors, were carried off as slaves to Rome to build the coliseum.
Jesus foresaw it all. Still on Palm Sunday he wept over Jerusalem. “And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. For the days will come upon you, when your enemies will set up a barricade around you and surround you and hem you in on every side and tear you down to the ground, you and your children within you. And they will not leave one stone upon another in you, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”” Luke 19:41-44 ESV. And Jesus wept. It’s the climax of the covenant. It’s the fulfillment of all the Hebrew prophecies. Everything is reaching the pinnacle and now God has acted. The true king that will preach peace and bring the government and the reign and rule of God has arrived in Jerusalem.
But Jerusalem is rejecting him. Yes they are confessing that he is the king, but they have it in their mind that he will be a violent war waging king. He’s not the kind of Jesus they want. Five days later, Jesus will be on trial. The prince of peace has come, but they don’t want a prince of peace, they want a hero.
“As he was drawing near—already on the way down the Mount of Olives—the whole multitude of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen, saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!” And some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples.” He answered, “I tell you, if these were silent, the very stones would cry out.””
Luke 19:37-40 ESV